Anno 1972: Roots and Routes of TdL

These are notes from my own study of the timeline of emerging liberation theologies alongside other decolonial projects. As a historian of the movement, I wanted to get to grips with the roots and routes of this social and theological movement.


Boff, Leonardo (Brazil), Jesus Cristo Libertador: Ensaio de Cristologia Crítica para o nosso Tempo. Petrópolis: Editora Vozes Ltda., 1972

Cone, James H. (USA), The Spirituals and the Blues: An Interpretation. New York City: Seabury Press, 1972

Motlhabi, Mokgethi (ed.) (South Africa), Essays in Black Theology. Johannesburg: Black Theology Project of the University Christian Movement, 1972.

Ruether, Rosemary (USA), Liberation Theology: Human Hope Confronts Christian History and American Power. Paramus, NJ: Paulist Press, 1972

  • Berrigan, Daniel (USA), America is Hard to Find.
  • Bloch, Ernst – Atheism in Christianity: The Religion of the Exodus and of the Kingdom. trans. J.T. Swann. (Germany)
  • Buthelezi, Manas – “An African Theology or a Black Theology” (South Africa)
  • Cobb, John, Jr. – Is It Too Late? A Theology of Ecology. Bruce Publishing, California. (USA)
  • Cone, James H. – The Spiritual and the Blues: An Interpretation.. (USA)
  • Daly, Mary – “A Call for the Castration of Sexist Religion” in The Unitarian Universalist Christian 27
  • Kappen, Sebastian – Vswasathaninnu Viplavathilekku (in Malayalam, English: From Faith to Revolution)
  • Lima, Amoroso Alceu – Testimony: On the influence of Maritain in Latin America. NEW SCHOLASTICISM vol. 46 (Brazil)
  • Motlhabi, Mokgethi, ed. – Essays on Black Theology (includes the Buthelezi paper above)
    What else? (South Africa)
  • Rivera-Pagan, Luis – “Teología y praxis de liberación” and Aportes del Marxismo” in Pueblo oprimido, señor de la historia. Montevideo: Tierra Nueva.
  • Ruether, Rosemary R. – Liberation Theology (USA)
  • Washington, Joseph R. – Black Sects and Cults (USA)
  • Christians for Socialism – “Final Document of the Convention” (April 30, 1972)
  • Boff, Leonardo – “Toward a Christology of Liberation” (1972)


  • UGA/Africa: Conference on “African Theology and Church Life” at Makerere University
  • Christians for Socialism

Biographical Notes:

  • John Mbiti becomes Visiting Professor at Union Theological Seminary, New York City, for the academic year of 1972-1973.

Background Information:


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