Anno 1971

UNDER CONSTRUCTION

These are notes from my own study of the timeline of emerging liberation theologies alongside other decolonial projects.

The year 1971. Ground Zero of Liberation Theology’s global reception. Gustavo Gutiérrez publishes Teología de la liberación: perspectivas.

Contents:

  1. Publications
  2. Conferences
  3. Biographical Notes
  4. Background Information

Publications:

  • Assmann, Hugo (Brazil), Opresión-Liberación: Desafio a los Cristianos
  • Berrigan, Daniel & Robert Coles (USA), Geography of Faith: Conversations Between Daniel Berrigan, When Underground, and Robert Coles.
  • Camara, Helder (Brazil), Spiral of Violence. London: Sheed and Ward Stagbooks.
  • Croatto, Severino (Argentina), “Liberación y Libertad. Reflexiones hermeneúticas en torno al Antiguo Testamento”, Revista Biblical 32.
  • Daly, Mary (USA), “The Spiritual Dimension of Women’s Liberation” in Notes from the Third Year: Women’s Liberation. New York, [publisher?]: 1971
  • Freire, Paulo (Brazil), “To the coordinator of a “culture circles.” ” Convergence, 4(1)
  • Gerassi, John (ed.) (Colombia/USA), Revolutionary Priest: The Complete Writings & Message of Camilo Torres. London, Cape Publishing: 1971
  • Gramsci, Antonio (Italy), Selections from the Prison Notebooks, 1971
  • Gutiérrez, Gustavo (Peru), Teología de la liberación: perspectivas. Lima, CEP: 1971
  • Hamid, Idris (Barbados), In Search of New Perspectives. Trinidad, Caribbean Ecumenical Consultation for Development: 1971
  • Illich, Iván (USA/Mexico), Deschooling Society. New York, Harper & Row: 1971
  • Mbiti, John S. (Kenya), New Testament Eschatology in an African Background: a study of the encounter between New Testament theology and traditional African concepts. London, Oxford University Press: 1971
  • Miranda, José Porfirio (Mexico), Marx y la biblia: Critica a la filosofia de la oppresión. Salamanca, Ediciones Sígueme: 1971
  • Sawyerr, Harry (Sierra Leone), “What Is African Theology?” African Theological Journal: 1971

More

  • Bishops of Peru – “Justice in the World” (1971)
  • Synod of Bishops – “Justice in the World” (Nov 30, 1971)
  • Chilean Bishops – “Declaration of the Bishops of Chile” (April 22, 1971)

Conferences:

  • COL/Americas, Conf: Catholic Liberation Theology conference in Bogotá, March.
  • URY/Americas, Conf: ISAL Liberation Theology conference in Montevideo, May.
  • COL/Americas, Conf: Catholic Liberation Theology conference in Bogotá, July.
  • TZA/Africa, Christian Council of Tanzania and NCBC (National Committee of Black Churchmen) consultation in Dar Es Salaam, August.
  • ARG/Americas, Conf: ISAL Liberation Theology conference in Buenos Aires. (month?)
  • Caribbean, Conf: Caribbean Ecumenical Consultation (details?)

Biographical Notes:

  • KOR/Asia, Ahn Byung Mu begins teaching at the Korean Theological Seminary in Seoul
  • LKA/Asia, Tissa Balasuriya founds the Center for Society and Religion in Sri Lanka “whose objective is to help in the integral human liberation and fulfillment of the people of our country by their realization of human values in economic develpment with social justice and the deepening of our cultural and spiritual values.”
  • USA/Americas, Jesse Jackson appears on Sesame Street to recite “I Am Somebody”.

Background Information:

  • Death: Jacobo Arbenz (Jan 27)
  • Death: Reinhold Niebuhr (June 01)

 

UNDER CONSTRUCTION

Publications:
  • Assmann, Hugo (Brazil), Opresión-Liberación: Desafio a los Cristianos
  • Berrigan, Daniel & Robert Coles (USA), Geography of Faith: Conversations Between Daniel Berrigan, When Underground, and Robert Coles.
  • Croatto, Severino (Argentina) “Liberación y Libertad. Reflexiones hermeneúticas en torno al Antiguo Testamento”, Revista Biblical 32.
  • Daly, Mary (USA), “The Spiritual Dimension of Women’s Liberation” in Notes from the Third Year: Women’s Liberation. New York, [publisher?]: 1971
  • Gerassi, John (ed.) (Colombia/USA): Revolutionary Priest: The Complete Writings & Message of Camilo Torres. London, Cape Publishing: 1971
    New York Times Review from the same year notes several deficits in Gerassi’s collection. Torres’ Master’s thesis from the Catholic University of Louvain is only present in two excerpted chapter. Then again, the thesis went missing altogether after Camilo’s death. And three inclusions in Gerassi’s book are deemed, by Germán Guzmán (friend and biographer), to be inauthentic. “Nevertheless, this is the most complete and best‐edited collection of Camilo’s writings yet to appear in English translation.” (Maurice Zeitlin. May 9, 1971: NYT)
  • Gutiérrez, Gustavo (Peru), Teología de la liberación: perspectivas. Lima, CEP: 1971
    This title needs no introduction. Gutiérrez sets forth a new theology. It is not a theology of development(alism) (desarrollismo) but liberation (liberación).
  • Hamid, Idris (Barbados), In Search of New Perspectives. Trinidad, Caribbean Ecumenical Consultation for Development: 1971
    “Idris Hamid, In Search of New Perspectives, is widely credited for being the article that inaugurated Caribbean theology. He critiqued the theology received in the Caribbean as being abstract, otherworldly, and indifferent to the suffering and needs of the people of the region. He was among the first to call for the decolonization of theology and, by extension, Caribbean religious practice.” (Ramón Luzárraga. Feb 21, 2014: Political Theology)
  • Illich, Iván (USA/Mexico), Deschooling Society. New York, Harper & Row: 1971
    Many people know Illich’s work, particularly the rubric of “deschooling”. Few know his relationship to liberation theology, including his hosting of the first meeting of minds that could be properly called a “liberation theology” encounter, in Petrópolis, Brazil, 1964.
  • Mbiti, John S. (Kenya), New Testament Eschatology in an African Background: a study of the encounter between New Testament theology and traditional African concepts. London, Oxford University Press: 1971
    One of Mbiti’s pioneering works, bringing African Biblical Studies and African Theology to an English-speaking audience in Europe.
  • Miranda, José Porfirio (Mexico), Marx y la biblia: Critica a la filosofia de la oppresión. Salamanca, Ediciones Sígueme: 1971
    Miranda’s most famous work. Marx y la biblia is surprising for many readers. It does not seek to to find proof texts in either Marx or Bible, or to synthesize Marxist thought with biblical motifs. It is, rather, a study of the biblical theme of justice, with reference to Marx and other philosophers who have taken forward the theme for the modern world.
  • BRA/Americas, Papers:
    BRB/Americas, Papers:
Conferences:
COL/Americas, Conf: Catholic Liberation Theology conference in Bogotá, March.
URY/Americas, Conf: ISAL Liberation Theology conference in Montevideo, May.
COL/Americas, Conf: Catholic Liberation Theology conference in Bogotá, July.
TZA/Africa, Christian Council of Tanzania and NCBC (National Committee of Black Churchmen) consultation in Dar Es Salaam, August.
“The first occasion for indirect dialogue between BTUSA [Black Theology, USA] and BTSA [Black Theology, South Africa] transpired within the initial conference on black theology and African theology held in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, in August 1971. The Africa Comission of the National Committee of Black Churchmen and the CHristian Council of Tanzania sponsored a week-long consultation with the theme “Black Identity and Solidarity–The Role of the Church as a Medium for Social Change.” The conference marked the first time in contemporary black church history that blacks and Africans had talked face-to-face without a white missionary go-between. Twenty-eight black Americans and sixteen Africans focused mainly on three issues: economic development, education and theology.” (Dwight Hopkins, 2005, p. 148)
ARG/Americas, Conf: ISAL Liberation Theology conference in Buenos Aires.

Caribbean, Conf: Caribbean Ecumenical Consultation

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